The Holy Zoni of the Mother of God in Medieval Constantinople

By Syngelis Em. Konstantinos, Philologist

On 31 August, the Church celebrates the Placement of the Honorable Zoni of our Most Holy Lady within the Church of the Theotokos in Chalkoprateia of Constantinople. This church was in a neighborhood near a spot referred to as Milion, and it was right here that the workshops had been which belonged to the craftsmen who made and bought copperware, therefore the title of the realm.There is not any clear proof regarding this feast of the Mother of God earlier than the seventh century. In the sixth and seventh centuries, six new feasts had been added to the liturgical lifetime of the Church, all of them associated to our Panagia: her Conception by Saint Anna, her Nativity, her Entry into the Temple, the Annunciation, Christ’s Reception within the Temple by Symeon, and her Dormition. It was the Empress Saint Pulcheria who established the apply of holding a vigil each Wednesday within the Church of the Theotokos in Chalkoprateia. The apply was formalized by the Emperor Saint Maurice (582-602).

Many traditions have been preserved relating to which emperor was answerable for bringing the Honorable Zoni of the Mother of God from Jerusalem to Constantinople and when. The one closest to the reality, nonetheless, attributes the initiative to the Emperor Arcadius (395-408). Arcadius was the son of Theodosius the Great and the daddy of the Emperor and Saint Theodosius II (408-450) and of Pulcheria (450-457). He not solely took the Honorable Zoni to Constantinople, but in addition positioned it in a gorgeous reliquary, which he referred to as the ‘holy coffin’. The Church of the Chalkoprateia, the place the Honorable Zoni was positioned, was constructed a number of years later by the Empress Pulcheria.

Many miraculous occasions occurred on this church which confirmed the wonderworking energy of the Holy Zoni. The Patriarch of Constantinople, Saint Germanos I (715-730), in a sermon he gave on the feast of the Placement of the Honorable Zoni within the Church of the Chalkoprateia, lyrically declared that the Zoni eternally retains the divine perfume of the cures it has effected, bringing pleasure to those that strategy it with religion and reverence.

In the canon which he devoted to the Honorable Zoni of the Mother of God, Saint Joseph the Hymnographer (ca. 818-886), praises the holy relic which, by the grace of our Panagia sanctifies the trustworthy who strategy with all due reverence with a view to venerate it, which raises them out of corruption and delivers them from illness and sorrow. The Honorable Zoni is sort of a glowing spring, pouring out a torrent of therapeutic.

An entire host of believers, no matter intercourse, age, occupation or social standing, flocked to the Church of the Chalkoprateia with a view to venerate the Honorable Zoni of our Panagia and to ask of her who is stuffed with grace to intercede for them with the Lord. “Who shall communicate of your magnificence?” cried Saint Euthymios, later Patriarch of Constantinople (907-912).

A sure Elias, a priest and steward of the Church of Hagia Sophia, speaks, in a story courting from 843, a few miracle that concerned a toddler within the Church of the Theotokos in Chalkoprateia. The miracle occurred in about 800, throughout the tenure of Saint Tarasios as Patriarch of Constantinople (784-806) and has survived in written kind. At the time, Elias was a toddler and was current as an eye-witness on the miraculous occasion. When he was in church sooner or later, he noticed a toddler going by to the varsity of the Chalkoprateia, which had a shared entrance with the church. As he was strolling, he appeared on the icon of the Mother of God which had been destroyed on the time of iconoclasm by Emperor Constantine V, however had been repainted on the directions of Patriarch Tarasios.

The little boy was dazzled by its brilliance and went on his manner, however saved wanting upwards. As a outcome, he fell right into a effectively which was on the south facet of the church. A concierge who occurred to be there on the time within the Chapel of the Holy Coffin heard the noise and requested some previous girls who had been sitting there what the splash was that he had heard. But they hadn’t heard something. All they’d seen was the boy strolling by the church. The concierge, who’d thought that the noise had come from water being disturbed, realized what had occurred. He went down into the effectively and located the boy floating on the floor. He introduced him out of the effectively and everybody seen one thing unusual and fantastic. Not solely had the boy not come to any hurt, however he wasn’t even moist.

Obviously, the grace of the Mother of God had protected him. He defined to them that our Panagia had held him on one arm, with Christ on the opposite, and had advised him to not fear as a result of she was defending him. As he associated this, a divine gentle and radiance unfold throughout. Everyone believed the phrases of the boy as a result of he was solely little and was harmless. His soul was nonetheless so pure that he wouldn’t have advised lies nor pretended about something. When he appeared on the icon, the boy shed tears of pleasure and glorified the Lord and His Mother, as a result of he had been allowed to see the sunshine of their glory at first hand.

The gratitude of the boy, in addition to of his widowed mom, had been past description. When Patriarch Tarasios was knowledgeable of the miraculous occasion, he celebrated a festal Divine Liturgy within the Church of the Theotokos in Chalkoprateia. He additionally devoted the kid to God, assured the bills for his training and paid for his care and that of his mom.

Note: the article is a fraction from an unpublished post-graduate dissertation by the writer (1998).



If you loved this publish 
and wish to see others prefer it, 
please take into account changing into a supporter 

of the Mystagogy Resource Center.




Express your views here

Disqus Shortname not set. Please check settings

Student Week: Shinrin-Yoku by UP_RIGHT

‘Complete nightmare’: Four discovered useless in North Dakota wheatfield after doable murder-suicide