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Svarupa Damodara Goswami – Disappearance Day – Iskcon Dwarka


What was Svarupa Damodara Goswami Kariacha?

 

Murari Gupta gave a abstract of all of the early hobbies of the Lord; Svarupa Damodara Goswami did the identical for the Lord’s later pastimes. The Devotees use the association offered in these two outlines to explain the Lord’s actions.

 

In these passages, Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakur wrote the next commentary: Devotees may elaborate on the Lord’s pastimes after studying Murari Gupta’s written textual content as a result of his description of the Lord’s early pastimes remains to be in existence. Svarupa Damodara’s kariacha was solely audible to Vaishnavas through Raghunath Das Goswami.

 

 

The Chaitanya-Lila is similar to probably the most beautiful diamonds that Shri Svarupa Damodara Goswami had in his secure earlier than placing them on Raghunath Das. I attempted to file what I heard from him as absolutely as I may right here, giving it as a present to the Devotees.

 

In his Amrita-pravaha-bhashya, Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakur makes the next observations about this verse: Summarizing the Lord’s latter pastimes in a kariacha of Sanskrit poems is Svarupa Damodara Goswami. Raghunath Das was pressured to memorize these poems, and Krishnadas Kaviraj Goswami finally disseminated these narratives of the Lord’s deeds over the globe. Svarupa Damodar’s kariacha was by no means launched as a guide in consequence. The Chaitanya Charitamrita embodies Shri Svarupa Damodar Goswami’s kariacha in its entirety.

 

How was Svarupa Damodar’s Kirtan?

 

Shri Svarupa Damodara Goswami used to sing songs by Vidyapati, Chandi Das, and Gita Govinda to make Mahaprabhu exceedingly happy. He was simply as expert a musician because the Gandharvas and had simply as a lot understanding of the scripture as Brihaspati. No one had a persona like his. Shri Svarupa Damodara Goswami was the life and spirit of all of the Devotees, led by Shrivasa Thakur, and he was additionally very dedicated to Advaita acharya and Nityananda Prabhu.

 

In the fifteenth chapter of the Antya-Lila, Krishnadas Kaviraj Goswami explains how devoted Shri Svarupa Damodara Goswami and Ramananda Raya had been to Mahaprabhu.

 

The shoulders took Svarupa Damodar and Ramananda Raya by the Lord after he completed talking, saying, “Listen, Svarupa and Rama Raya! Please counsel to me what ought to be performed and the place to go to find Krishna. You can advise me on what to do. Svarupa and Ramananda would hearken to Gauranga’s story of woe as he did, and they’d consolation him in his sorrow. Ramananda would learn Sanskrit verses as Svarupa sang, praising the Lord with the assistance of Karnamrita, Vidyapati, and Gita-Govinda.

 

The twentieth chapter of the Antya-Lila incorporates a comparable passage.

 

In this trend, Mahaprabhu stayed in Nilachala, spending his days and nights consumed with fear about being aside from Krishna. Svarupa and Ramananda, continuously by His facet, would recite poetry and tunes that suited His temper and ship Him right into a trance.

 

In his Chaitanya Bhagavat, Vrindavan Das Thakur additionally lists Shri Svarupa Damodar Goswami as one among Mahaprabhu’s key associates. He explains there how the Lord would turn into unconscious of the surface world upon listening to Svarupa’s kirtan:

 

The Lord would turn into utterly unaware of His environment and collapse to the bottom at any time when Svarupa Damodar would sing overtly. None of the opposite sannyasis within the Lord’s firm may examine to Shri Svarupa Damodar Goswami.

 

Paramananda Puri and Svarupa Damodar had been each very expensive to the Lord, who additionally had nice affection for them. The Lord would begin dancing as quickly as He heard the devotional tunes that Svarupa Damodar was stuffed with.

 

While residing at Tota Gopinath’s Temple, Shrila Gadadhara Pandit Goswami would ship talks on the Bhagavat in an ecstatic trance. When Mahaprabhu heard the kirtan of Svarupa Damodar and the Bhagavat readings of Gadadhara, he skilled the eight ecstatic signs. He centered a lot of his feedback on the chapters overlaying Prahlad and Dhruva’s lives.

 

Gadadhar Pandit and Svarupa Damodar had been two of the foremost authorities on the Bhagavat. Mahaprabhu would lose Himself in dance when Svarupa Damodar sang by himself. Mahaprabhu would exhibit all of the indicators of intense love, together with trembling, shouting, laughing, fainting, and tears. He danced with the Devotees as all of them appeared on His physique. The Lord instantly loses exterior consciousness upon listening to Svarupa Damodar singing the kirtan. Svarupa was with out peer among the many Lord’s sannyasi companions. He liked Svarupa simply as a lot as Paramananda Puri. Shri Svarupa Damodar Goswami was the personification of the enjoyment that music may deliver to Mahaprabhu, inflicting him to bop.

 

 

How was the early lifetime of Svarupa Damodar and his sannyasi?

 

Regarding Shri Svarupa Damodar Goswami’s bodily traits, we all know the next. He was known as Purushottam Acharya or Purushottam Bhattacharya earlier than changing into sannyas. According to Gaudiya Vaishnava Abhidhana, the next is an account of his ancestors: The son of Jayarama Chakravarti, his father’s title was Padmagarbhacharya. His residence was within the Bangla Desh village of Bhitadiya, situated alongside the Brahmaputra River. In Navadwip, Jayarama Chakravarti resided. Padmagarbha moved there as properly after marrying Jayarama’s daughter. To research the scriptures, Padmagarbha left his spouse and child at his father-in-law’s residence when Purushottam’s delivery and travelled to Mithila and Kashi. Purushottam Acharya was consequently introduced up at Navadwip by his maternal grandparents.

 

Mahaprabhu afterward underwent sannyas, and due to his sentiments of detachment from the Lord, he couldn’t keep at Navadwip. Instead, he left for Benares, the place he underwent the renounced order of life. The Prema-vilasa gives the next description of this:

 

Purushottam settled in Navadwip and resided along with his mom’s household. He was a close-knit disciple of the Lord and a sea of rasa. He was brimming with goodness when he joined Mahaprabhu’s beloved Devotee. The Lord turned insane with separation after taking sannyas and fled for Benares, the place he too took sannyas. He obtained Svarupa Damodar as his sannyas title.

 

Additionally, Krishnadas Kaviraj Goswami has highlighted a number of of the distinctive qualities of Shri Svarupa Damodar Goswami’s sannyas:

 

Svarupa Damodar, an in depth buddy of the Lord and a sea of transcendental mellows, confirmed up on one other day. He had beforehand lived in Mahaprabhu’s group in Navadwip and glided by the title Purushottam Acharya. He turned as loopy as a person possessed when he noticed Mahaprabhu embrace the renounced order, and he left straight away for Varanasi to undertake sannyas. Chaitanyananda Bharati, his sannyas grasp, gave him the directive to be taught the Vedanta sutra and cross it alongside to others. Both an excellent renunciate and an awesome scholar, Svarupa Damodar excelled in each fields. He sought shelter in Krishna’s pastimes with all of his coronary heart.

 

He adopted the sannyas order virtually insanely out of his want to worship Shri Krishna unhindered. Purushottam Acharya gave up his sacred thread and tuft of hair when he took sannyas, adhering to the regulative ideas, however he refused to put on the saffron-coloured gown. He didn’t undertake a sannyasi title both; as a substitute, he retained the brahmachari title Svarupa.

 

Svarupa Damodar then obtained permission from his sannyas-guru and travelled to Nilachala, the place day and night time, he savoured the ecstasies of affection for Krishna. He had reached the head of studying however saved to himself and averted dialog.

 

Regarding this passage within the Chaitanya Charitamrita, Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Goswami Thakur has mentioned the next: In the Dashanami sect that Sankaracharya created, the traces that assume the sannyas names Tirtha and Ashrama adhere to the custom of referring to anybody who needs to be initiated within the renounced order as a Brahmachari. In the case of Purushottam Acharya, this brahmachari title was Svarupa Damodara. Any brahmachari with the title Svarupa acquires the sannyas title of Tirtha after placing on the saffron garment often called the yoga-patta. The aspirant is then requested to make a lifetime dedication to celibacy.

 

An individual should execute eight several types of shraddha, pay oblations to 1’s ancestors, and conduct the Viraja sacrifice earlier than coming into the Dashanami sect’s precepts of sannyas. Then one discards the holy thread and chops off the Shikha, a tuft of hair. For this purpose, Svarupa Damodar saved his brahmachari title. Svarupa Damodar accepted these preparatory procedures in accepting sannyas, however he refused to take a saffron material, a sannyas title, or a danda, the gurvahvana.

 

The Skanda Purana, which states: “The preservation of the Shikha, the sacred thread, and saffron material, for individuals who observe the formalities of tridandi sannyas,” could also be talked about right here.

 

“Shikhi Yajopi Viti Sat Tridandi Sa Pavitrash Ca Kashayi Gayatrim Ca Japet Sada”

 

A tridandi sannyasi ought to repeatedly chant the Gayatri mantra whereas sustaining his purity in behaviour. He ought to put on the Shikha, sacred thread, and saffron clothes and carry the kamandalu water container. In his Amrita-pravaha-bhashya, Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakur additionally made the identical remark: Purushottam Acharya adopted Mahaprabhu’s lead and attained sannyasa by merely renunciation his Shikha and sutra. Svarupa Damodar was the title of his sannyasa. He declined the formality of the yoga-patta as a result of he didn’t wish to danger acquiring sannyas and creating a false sense of pleasure in his newfound standing. He merely desired to adore Krishna carefree.

 

Purushottam Bhattacharya lived in Navadwip, in line with Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Goswami Thakur‘s Anubhashya commentary on Adi-Lila of Chaitanya Charitamrita. Mahaprabhu left his home and travelled to Benares, the place he took a brahmacharya submit amongst a gaggle of Dashanami sannyasis. He was given the title Damodar Svarupa when after changing into a brahmachari. Even earlier than Mahaprabhu entered sannyasa, he yearned to surrender the world. He got here to Jagannath Puri’s Nilachala as a substitute of ending the sannyas rites and spent the rest of his life at Lord’s lotus toes there. He stayed by Mahaprabhu’s facet continuously, including to the Lord’s enjoyment by singing the melodies the Lord requested. The solely one that may comprehend Mahaprabhu’s covert mission and reveal it to the devotees of the Lord was Svarupa Damodar.

 

When does svarupa arrive in Puri?

 

During the month of Magh, on the total moon day, Mahaprabhu renounced his worldly existence and departed into Nilachala the next month, Phalguna. In the month of Vaishakh, He launched into His journey to South India after giving delivery to Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya. To accompany Him on this journey, Nityananda Prabhu entrusted Him a Brahmin named Kala Krishna Das as His servant. After Mahaprabhu had accomplished this voyage and introduced Krishna-Prema to the folks of the South, Nityananda dispatched Krishna Das again to Navadwip to let the devotees know that the Lord had arrived in Puri. Sachi Mata, Advaita Acharya, Shrivasa Pandit, and the opposite devotees had been ecstatic to listen to the information. They began on the brink of see the Lord in Puri straight away.

 

After spending time in Sachi Mata’s residence, Paramananda Puri determined to depart first, accompanied by Kamala Kanta, a Brahmin. They had been the primary folks from Bengal to reach and encounter the Lord. Purushottam Acharya, who had already been to Benares, obtained sannyas from Chaitanyananda Bharati and was given the title Svarupa Damodar. He quickly arrived and joyfully joined the Lord’s group.

 

Shri Svarupa Damodar Goswami initially skilled the Lord’s mercy as a young embrace. He first provided his respects to Nityananda Prabhu and Paramananda Puri earlier than assembly Jagadananda and the opposite Devotees. He initially met Raya Ramananda when the latter travelled to Puri with King Prataparudra and first encountered Mahaprabhu there to get the Lord to satisfy with the king.

 

Conclusion

 

For extra such and associated tales, maintain studying our blogs. Hare Krishna!!

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