Franco Albini (1905 to 1977)
Franco Albini was thought-about to be probably the most important Italian “Neo Rationalist” designer of all occasions and ages. Albini was born in Robbiate within the province of Como in Italy. After graduating in structure from the Politechnico di Milano in 1929, he began his profession within the studio of Gio Ponti. He quickly arrange his personal design agency in Milan in 1931 and certainly one of his pioneering items was a 1939 radio manufactured from glass, designed to disclose the machine’s inside parts. In the Forties, Albini was the editor for the Casabella journal, and it was additionally throughout this era that Albini transformed his mind-set to rationalism, ultimately turning into one of many key gamers within the improvement of the rationalist actions in structure, furnishings, and industrial design sectors.
Given the alternatives arising from the rising reconstruction developments after World War II, Albini labored on researching and growing constructing initiatives with famend Italian architect Franca Helg. Albini’s works are characterised by a rational severity, which was evident in initiatives such because the renovation of and inside design of the Palazzo Bianco in Genoa (1950), the plan for the show of the Treasure of San Lorenzo in Genoa (1952) in collaboration with Franca Helg, and the restoration of the Palazzo Rosso in Genoa (1952 to 1961). Besides working with Helg, Albini additionally labored with Dutch designer Bob Noorda for the design of the signage and furnishings for the Linea 1 underground stations (1962 to 1963) within the Lombardy capital metropolis.
Albini was additionally recognized for his aptitude in furnishings design with notable creations just like the Margherita armchair for Bonacina (1950), the Fiorenza armchair for Arflex (1952), the Luisa chair for Poggi (1954), and the Credenza (1967) designed in collaboration with Franca Helg. In addition, the Albini-Helg partnership produced a group of glass items designed for San Lorenzo and crafted by Salviati. Much of Albini’s works are reflective of a minimalist aesthetic impact and made of cheap uncooked supplies of the post-war years. Albini additionally used extremely expert Italian craftsmanship in his designs, merging conventional artisanship with new types of modernism.
AM/AS lamps, Nemo Lighting
During his eclectic profession, Albini was additionally a lighting designer and was most well-known for his AM/AS sequence of lighting components. Five of his lamps from the sequence — consisting of desk lamps, flooring lamps, and suspension lamps — at the moment are included in Nemo’s Classici assortment, which options lamps created by main worldwide designers, too. These lamps, all designed between the Fifties and the Sixties, had been characterised by their easy strains, chromed steel, and blown glass. Noticeably, the lamps all mirrored Albini’s rational and efficient strategy to discovering structural options that had been elegant, revolutionary, and purposeful, on the identical time charmingly displaying the product’s building idea.
Albini’s works attained quite a few awards and acquired three prestigious Compasso d’Oro awards in his lifetime — a mirrored image of his achievements and success as a number one and influential architect and designer of the twentieth century.
Vico Magistretti (1920 to 2006)
Vico Magistretti was hailed as one of many masters of contemporary Italian product design. Born in Milan, Magistretti graduated from the Politecnico de Milano in 1945 after his preliminary research at Champ Universitaire Italien de Lausanne in Switzerland. Magistretti then labored in his father’s architectural studio, the place he did structure and design, which included city planning and industrial design. As a younger architect, Magistretti was impressed by modernist concepts and sought to create objects which had been easy, purposeful, rational, and stylish. His stance was made clear within the first items he exhibited within the late Forties, which included bookshelves suspended from steel tubes, a bookcase that resembled a ladder, and stackable tables. Magistretti additionally made his mark as an avant-garde architect with works such because the Corso Europe workplace block and the Villa Arosio. In 1956, he grew to become one of many founders of the Association for Industrial Design (ADI).
Many of Magistretti’s iconic items had been created through the Sixties, when he moved into the sector of mass-produced furnishings, working for prime Italian firms like Artemide, Cassina, De Padova, Flou, and Kartell — simply to call just a few. His fascination with industrial manufacturing additionally led to his ground-breaking work with plastic and he was among the many first designers to create dwelling furnishings out of plastic, which was used within the manufacturing of the Selene stacking chair and the Vicario and Gaudi armchairs for Artemide. Today, these chairs are amongst Magistretti’s works on show in museums all around the world, a lot of that are a part of everlasting exhibitions in museums such because the New York Museum of Art.
Eclisse lamp, Artemide
In the course of his illustrious profession, Magistretti acquired quite a few awards together with Compasso d’Oro awards in 1967 for the Eclisse lamp, and in 1979 for the Atollo lamp. The Eclisse desk lamp for Artemide was certainly one of Magistretti’s best-known lighting designs, which featured an illuminated globe that might be rotated to provide off various quantities of sunshine.
Atollo lamp, Oluce
The Atollo desk lamp for Oluce was a large cylinder manufactured from lacquered aluminium, pointed on the prime and capped by a hemisphere-shaped shade. Other notable lighting designs by Magistretti included the easy but elegant Ananas and Bruco wall lamps, the weird Margaret desk lamp, and the Morocco hanging lamp with a grid monitor that holds as much as 36 glasses for Fontana Arte. Magistretti was additionally awarded the Compasso d’Oro in 1995 for his excellent profession.
In 2003, the northern Italian metropolis of Genoa arrange an necessary exhibition in his honour. Although he has handed on, the essence of Magistretti’s works — which performed on simplicity and freshness — continues to encourage the following era of designers. Most of what Magistretti designed remains to be being manufactured and is far wanted by collectors right now.
Achille Castiglioni, born in Milan (1918 to 2002), is taken into account as one of many best masters in twentieth-century design, having received a number of Compasso d’Oro awards and his designs within the everlasting assortment within the MoMA in New York. Often collaborating along with his brother Pier Giacomo, the Castiglioni brothers’ most well-known design is the Arco lamp (1962), which is a curved arm with a lampshade on the finish extending eight ft from the stabilising marble base. Always injecting humour into his works, he then designed the Snoopy lamp in 1967, which is basically a desk lamp formed just like the comedian canine of the identical identify. On prime of the various nice lighting designs for Flos, he additionally designed for different manufacturers notably Zanotta (Mezzadro and Selle stools).
Arco Floor Lamp, Flos
Designed by Castiglioni in 1962 for Flos, the Arco Lamp continues to be in style right now. The stable Carrara marble base, with its distinctive gap, and its top and size make the Arco Lamp the focus for any room. The head of the lamp is adjustable to direct the sunshine. The Arco Lamp has the excellence of being a part of the gathering on the Museum of Modern Arts (MOMA).
In 1971, The Lampadina was designed by Castiglioni. A cute desk lamp completed in painted metal and accessible in three completely different colors, the lamp’s design characteristic is the quirky outsized frosted gentle bulb which recollects a lightweight bulb happening within the head. Talk about a good suggestion certainly!
Some of those lighting designs could also be greater than 40 years previous, however nonetheless, these luminaires by these lighting greats make a direct design assertion in any dwelling right now. And at all times insist on originals, as shopping for reproductions merely contributes to a false economic system. Best of all, they’ll develop into treasured items in a few years to return!
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