Historic Thermo, and Aitoloakarnania usually, boasts that it’s the place the place Saint Kosmas the Aitolos was born, grew up and labored. This place was seen together with his personal eyes, right here he noticed the creation of God, he got here to know conventional piety and from these locations he started his missionary journeys. Since then, many locations declare him, and folks brag about the place he handed, the place there’s proof or info that he taught, the place temples had been rebuilt in his title, the place he was martyred.
Thus, right now he has turn out to be an ecumenical man, an apostle, who made an ideal revolution in his time, a person with the zeal of God, in troublesome circumstances. Because the revolution can’t be interpreted and outlined solely with weapons and bombs, however with concepts, primarily, nevertheless, with the phrases that come from an internal rebirth and fullfillment of individuals.
According to the well-known saying of Saint Gregory Palamas, “There is a phrase to contradict each phrase, however what can contradict lived expertise?” Every phrase, each concept has its counterpart, however nobody can struggle with an individual who has a religious religion, particularly the “religion enhypostaton” which is Christ. We know this from the Apostles and the Martyrs who, with their lives and pure and easy speech, remodeled the iron-clad nationwide Roman Empire right into a Christian Roman Empire. We additionally see this in Saint Kosmas Aitolos, who positively and successfully undermined the Ottoman Empire, with the standard of an Equal to the Apostles and a New Martyr.
We will see this after we look at the nice contribution of the New Martyrs, amongst whom is Saint Kosmas Aitolos, for the preservation of the Greek Orthodox custom within the subjugated Greek Nation, but in addition their contribution to its liberation in 1821.
1. The Value of the New Martyrs
Indeed, the preservation of the nationwide consciousness among the many subjugated Romans and the unquenchable flame of freedom was as a result of many elements, specifically the operation of the Orthodox Church, with the Divine Liturgy, the liturgical texts, the mysteries, the providers and its complete construction, particularly with the actions of the Ecumenical Patriarchs and their Synods. It can also be as a result of native contribution of Demogerontia, and the operation of Schools the place they had been attainable for them to function, or function alongside, with the training they provided. Also, it was provided by the realized Romans who emigrated from the subjugated space, who along with the retailers, who all the time had their consideration centered on the subjugated folks, provided in their very own solution to protect the indelible reminiscence of the race of the Romans.
Among these nice contributions to staying within the Orthodox religion, the seek for freedom and eventually the revolutionary actions, culminating within the revolution of 1821, comes from the New Martyrs, amongst whom St. Kosmas of Aetolos holds a big place.
New Martyrs are these Christians, and even some Christianized Muslims, such because the New Martyrsr Ahmet, who confessed Christ because the true God and for this the Ottomans condemned them to dying. What is necessary in regards to the New Martyrs, which distinguishes them from the Ethnic Martyrs, is that they gave the confession that Christ is the true God and never the Allah of the Muslims, that’s, they made a transparent distinction between the God that the Church proclaims and the God of the Muslims. This implies that they weren’t distinguished by a non secular syncretism, relativism, nor had been they distinguished by the precept of spiritual inclusiveness, however they had been possessed by the precept of exclusivity, that’s, Christ is the one God.
Moreover, the New Martyrs endured their martyrdom with holy religious endurance, with out resenting or cursing, however they did it with pleasure and prayed for his or her tormentors. Moreover, instantly after the martyrdom miraculous actions adopted, healings of ailments, aid from tormenting issues, and plenty of different issues, which is why their honor instantly started with the institution of feasts, the constructing of holy temples or chapels, the veneration of their holy relics.
These are the principle variations between the Neomartyrs and the Ethnomartyrs. Thus, the honour of Saint Kosmas started instantly after his martyrdom, as may be seen within the capital of Epirus, Ioannina.
Thus, the martyrdom of the New Martyrs and the occasions of their honor had been each ecclesiastical and nationwide focal factors. Around the tombs of the New Martyrs, a church life developed with all the implications, that’s, a distinction between Orthodox theology and spiritual ideology, and preservation of the flame of freedom, religious and ethnic.
There isn’t any metropolis wherein such religious focal factors didn’t develop that ultimately contributed to the outbreak of the Revolution of 1821. Saint George in Ioannina, Saint Theodore in Mytilene, Saint Constantine of Hydra in Rhodes, Saints Demetrios and Paul in Tripoli, and eventually Saint Kosmas and your complete subjugated race had been those who formed the local weather of the Roman Revolt. One mustn’t underestimate this religious infrastructure of the liberation wrestle.
2. The “New Martyrology”
In addition to the above, I wish to point out that Saint Nikodemos the Hagiorite, who lived in the course of the interval of the Turkish occupation, amongst different books, additionally wrote the e-book titled: “Neon Martyrologion” (“New Martyrology”), wherein he gathered the lives, and particularly the martyrdoms of the New Martyrs, who had been martyred till his time.
This most necessary e-book lastly turned out to be a revolutionary e-book in the course of the Turkish occupation. Usually, significance is given by many to the “Thourios Of Rigas” or the “Hellenic Nomarchy” and the nice contribution of his resistance e-book by Saint Nikodemos the Hagiorite is ignored, which the truth is got here from inside the bowels of Romiosini and never from exterior it.
This e-book is a trumpet of religious freedom, and it’s because by recording the martyrdoms of the New Martyrs, Saint Nikodemos finds the chance, with out concern of the conquerors, to exhort the Romans to endure temptations, to stay steadfast within the Christian Church, for many who had denied Christ and adjusted their religion to repent, and he additionally exhorts them to testify for Christ as martyrs. Among others, he addresses with the next exhortations, which he places into the mouths of the New Martyrs:
“Take for example of endurance the tribulations which we your brethren endured … And you, for those who endure after thanksgiving, for the title of Christ, scourges, prisons, chains, labors, losses, insufferable items, and different sufferings made by those that maintain you prisoners, you may be thought-about martyrs by your decision, and regarded near God.”
Saint Nikodemos the Hagiorite didn’t suffice to emphasise endurance, however he exhorts them to not change their religion, despite the fact that they’re within the midst of wolves. He says: “Beware… lest they rob you of the treasure of your holy religion… Remember how our despot Christ, who positioned you as sheep among the many beasts of right now, gave you this order, to be smart because the serpent.” He exhorted them to not favor “darkness to gentle; falsehood to reality; copper and pretend cash to pure and examined alloy.” And he goes as far as to say the horrible phrases: “Do not be frightened, brethren, by the frightful faces of tyrants, nor by their nice numbers, nor by their voices, nor by their horrible actions. Do not be frightened by wounds, by swords, by chains, by imprisonment. Do not be fearful of gallows, of hooks, of fireplace.”
These resistance exhortations to the Roman folks by Saint Nikodemos the Hagiorite, in the course of the Turkish occupation, on the event of the recounting of the martyrdoms of the New Martyrs, are certainly superior.
The kind of the revolted Greek was the kind of the Orthodox Romans, as they had been formed by the lifetime of the Church and the sacrifices of the New Martyrs. That is why the heading that the revolted Greeks put within the first liberating Constitution of Epidaurus in 1822 and Declaration of Independence was: “In the title of the Holy and Indivisible Trinity.” And instantly after that there’s the reason: “The Greek nation, beneath the horrible Ottoman dynasty, unable to bear the heaviest and unprecedented yoke of tyranny, and having made nice sacrifices, preaches right now by its authorized Representatives, in a National Assembly, earlier than of God and folks, its political existence and independence.” Let’s observe that this assertion was made “earlier than God and folks”, that’s, the Triune God, who was invoked at first, and the individuals who imagine in Him.
So it’s clear, the preamble of the Constitution to the Triune God, as has been intelligently emphasised, doesn’t produce “authorized penalties of a non secular nature”, nor does it merely have a “historic worth”, however “secretly proclaims that the Greek state isn’t an externally pushed, typical hybrid of the Great Powers, a product of the three.2.1830 London Protocol, however it’s the results of a radical course of with a revolutionary base and a populist start line” (Theodoros Papageorgiou). Possibly, the elimination of this preamble of the Constitution will manifest the truth is a denial of the important situations of the liberty of our nation.
Thus, this consciousness of the Romans was formed by the educating of Saint Kosmas the Aitolos, who started his speeches with what the Holy Trinity is, and the way this educating impacts the entire lifetime of man.
Your Excellency the President of the Hellenic Republic,
Most Reverend Hierarchs,
The perception within the Triune God that the New Martyrs and Saint Kosmas the Aitolos had was what stored Hellenism alive. On the opposite, in Greater Greece, Lower Italy, Sicily, the place Hellenism flourished, the Greek custom was additionally utterly misplaced, though the Greek philosophy of the Pre-Socratic philosophers and Plato was taught, and the Greek language prevailed, when the Orthodox religion was misplaced.
We owe rather a lot to Saint Kosmas the Aitolos, the Equal of the Apostles and Hieromartyr, in addition to to the opposite New Martyrs, particularly for the preservation of our Orthodox religion, the preventing spirit, and the liberty of our Homeland. Let us ask for his or her prayers for all of us, who stay in a rustic the place we settle for many spiritual and international cultural influences, with so-called modernism, postmodernism, post-Christianity, post-orthodoxy, relativism. May the saints intercede for us to oppose every part that alters this priceless treasure of our Greek Orthodox custom, that’s, destroys the “core” of our race.
Source: Translated by John Sanidopoulos.