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Russia-India: India-Russia Strategic Partnership and Implications


The relations between India and Russia are very previous. Since the signing of the “India-Russia Strategic Partnership Declaration” in October 2000, India-Russia relations have seen elevated cooperation in virtually all areas of bilateral relations, together with political, safety, defence, commerce and economic system, science and know-how, and tradition. A qualitative redesign has been seen with the elevated ranges.

During the Cold War, India and the Soviet Union had a powerful strategic, army, financial and diplomatic relationship. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia inherited its shut ties with India, ensuing within the two nations sharing a particular strategic relationship. However, relations have taken a extreme flip in the previous couple of years, particularly within the post-Covid state of affairs. The largest cause for that is Russia’s shut ties with China and Pakistan, which have brought on many geopolitical points in India over time.

  • The annual summit between the Prime Minister of India and the President of the Russian Federation is the best institutional dialogue mechanism within the strategic partnership between India and Russia.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin held their first casual summit within the yr 2018 within the metropolis of Sochi, Russian Federation.
  • In the yr 2019, President Putin conferred Russia’s highest honor – “Order of St. Andrew the Apostle” on PM Narendra Modi. The identical was awarded to the Prime Minister for his distinguished contribution to the event of a privileged, strategic partnership between Russia and India and to the event of pleasant relations between the Russian and Indian peoples.
  • Two intergovernmental commissions meet yearly – the primary commerce, financial, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation (IRIGC-TEC), and the second on military-technical cooperation (IRIGC-MTC).
  • Both nations are striving to extend bilateral funding to US$ 50 billion and bilateral commerce to US$ 30 billion by the yr 2025.
  • Bilateral commerce stood at US$ 8.1 billion throughout FY2020.
  • From 2013 to 2016 there was a serious decline within the commerce share between the 2 nations. However, it elevated from 2017 and continued to see development in 2018 and 2019 as effectively.

India-Russia Defense and Security Relations

India-Russia military-technical cooperation has advanced from a buyer-seller framework for joint analysis, improvement and manufacturing of superior defence applied sciences and techniques.

  • Both nations usually conduct the tri-services train ‘INDRA’.
  • Joint army packages between India and Russia embody:
  • Brahmos cruise missile program
  • fifth technology fighter jet program
  • Sukhoi Su-30MKI Program
  • Ilyushin/HAL Strategic Transport Aircraft
  • KA-226T twin-engine utility helicopter
  • some warships
  • Military {hardware} bought/leased by India from Russia consists of:
  • S-400 Triumph
  • 200 Kamov Ka-226 to be made in India underneath Make in India initiative
  • T-90S Bhishma

INS Vikramaditya Aircraft Carrier Program

  • Russia additionally performs an important function in aiding the Indian Navy in its submarine packages
  • The first submarine of the Indian Navy, the ‘Foxtrot Class’ was acquired from Russia.
  • India relies on Russia for its nuclear submarine program.
  • INS Vikramaditya, the one plane service operated by India, can also be of Russian origin.
  • Of the fourteen typical submarines operated by India, 9 are Indian.
  • Other essential areas of relations between India and Russia

Nuclear Bonding

  • Russia is a crucial companion of India within the subject of peaceable makes use of of nuclear power. It acknowledges India as a rustic with superior nuclear know-how with an unblemished non-proliferation document.
  • The Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP) is being in-built India.
  • Both India and Russia are establishing the Rooppur Nuclear Power Project in Bangladesh.
  • The two sides cooperate within the peaceable makes use of of outer area, together with satellite tv for pc launches, the GLONASS navigation system, distant sensing, and different societal purposes of outer area.
  • An MoU on joint actions within the subject of the Human Space Flight Program was signed by ISRO and Roscosmos throughout the nineteenth Bilateral Summit.

Science and Technology

  • The Working Group on Science and Technology, the Integrated Long-Term Program (ILTP) and the Basic Science Cooperation Program working underneath the IRIGC-TEC are the three principal institutional mechanisms for bilateral S&T cooperation, whereas the science academies of each nations promote inter-academic exchanges. To put it on the market.
  • Several new initiatives on this space embody the India-Russia Bridge to Innovation, cooperation in telemedicine, the creation of the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) and the Russia India Network of Universities (RIN).
  • Hindi is taught usually to about 1500 Russian college students in about 20 Russian establishments, together with main universities and colleges.
  • Besides Hindi, languages reminiscent of Tamil, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Urdu, Sanskrit and Pali are taught in Russian establishments.
  • Indian dance, music, yoga and Ayurveda are a few of the different pursuits that Russians are excited about.
  • Balancing China: The Chinese presence in border areas of Eastern Ladakh While the go to marked a turning level in India-China relations, it additionally demonstrated that Russia may contribute to lowering tensions with China.
  • Russia organized a trilateral assembly between the overseas ministers of Russia, India and China following lethal clashes within the Galway Valley within the disputed area of Ladakh.
  • Emerging new areas of financial engagement: In addition to conventional areas of cooperation reminiscent of weapons, hydrocarbons, nuclear power, and diamonds, new areas of financial engagement are more likely to emerge – mining, agro-industrial and excessive know-how, together with robotics, nanotech, and biotech.
  • India’s footprint is about to increase within the Russian Far East and the Arctic. Connectivity tasks also can get a lift.
  • Counter Terrorism: India and Russia are working to bridge the hole between Afghanistan and each nations have referred to as for early finalization of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.
  • Support in multilateral fora: In addition, Russia helps India’s candidature for everlasting membership of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).
  • Military Exports of Russia: Russia has been one of many largest arms exporters to India. Even Russia’s share in India’s arms imports fell by greater than 50% within the final five-year interval as in comparison with the earlier 5 years (2011-2015).
  • According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, which tracks the worldwide arms commerce, India has imported arms price US$35 billion from Russia within the final 20 years.

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