Part I of this text might be discovered here.
Point 2: That Economic philosophy should place the individual—by no means to be seen as merely a method of manufacturing or a software for revenue—on the middle of its calculations and additional nonetheless uphold the household, moderately than the atomized particular person, because the financial system’s most essential entity.
A flaw of each capitalists and communists is denigration of the human individual and his pure habitat, the household. Intrepid communist usurpers despatched highschool children within the USSR on weekend discipline journeys, hoping the shut quarters and raging hormones would quickly bear promiscuous fruit, all the higher to quash early in life any thought of conventional household roles particularly the authority of the mom or father – a task which the State, in its all-encompassing benevolence, might so significantly better fill. Everyone agrees proper? Less of our household and associates telling us what to do, an increasing number of faceless authorities bureaucrats with bullhorns. For capitalists, the household is a shackle on the pure drive of the “particular person” to satisfy his each consumerist want. Note, “particular person,” not individual, for an individual has rights, emotions, ideas, a few of them generally profound, religion, fears, faults, and the ever-present hope for redemption. “Individuals” are as singular of their drives because the definition capitalists present for them. People are advanced; people are easy, individually centered on extremely personalised and essentially repetitious individualism greatest translated into the common language of purchase, spend, go into debt, and so forth. Communists and capitalists love non-persons like comrades and shoppers; they’re easy minded and straightforward to regulate. Both hate individuals, who are sometimes advanced and free.
We, nonetheless, need individuals to be a part of our system. We wish to place individuals and that almost all holy collective, the household, on the middle of all our proposals. It is the household, not the person, that’s the “primary financial unit in addition to the fundamental social unit,” says John C. Medaille, writer of the guide Toward a Truly Free Market. Furthermore, the person left all by himself, as many fashionable economists need, is a “sterile and never a self-sustaining entity. Neoclassical economics thus has no method to clarify how new employees come into the financial system, and therefore it has no method to clarify development.” The household is a “true society,” Pope Leo XIII wrote in his 1891 encyclical Rerum Novarum. Being a real society, and predating the State, the household “consequently…has rights and duties peculiar to itself that are fairly impartial of the State.” Families produce impartial women and men, individuals, whereas state management of the financial system, Pope John Paul II notes in his 1991 one-hundred yr anniversary homage to Rerum Novarum, Centesimus Annus, inevitably reaches again into the household and in opposition to the individual, rendering all “cogs” in a leviathan-like machine.
But whereas state possession of the technique of manufacturing is usually a communist actuality, hearken to what John Paul II cautions in opposition to as nicely. “Another form of response, sensible in nature, is represented by the prosperous society or the patron society. It seeks to defeat Marxism on the extent of pure materialism by exhibiting how a free-market society can obtain a larger satisfaction of fabric human wants than Communism, whereas equally excluding religious values.” But “insofar because it denies an autonomous existence and worth to morality, regulation, tradition and faith, it agrees with Marxism, within the sense that it completely reduces man to the sphere of economics and the satisfaction of fabric wants.” Reduces man to the satisfaction of fabric wants. Capitalism usually strikes on the household and personhood by turning what needs to be a tight-knit miniature group of affection into turned inward, egocentric, consumerist robots. It is the household that’s the basis of each the social and financial superstructure, the “purpose,” as Medaille places it, “for having an financial system and the indispensable situation of the financial system…a society that degrades the household degrades its personal future.” 
Point 3: Labor is the supply of all actual worth. All that exists, economically talking, is labor and nature. Modern economics, caught in our level one drawback of decreasing the financial system to mathematical algorithms and steadiness sheet statistics, focus merely on the financial system in movement, on exchanges, with out ever talking of a very powerful aspect: the engine of the system, or the manufacturing course of. This is identical ontological drawback the atheists face: how did we transfer from one thing to nothing? It can’t be turtles all the best way down, it can’t be a perpetual transferring line of field vehicles stretching again into infinity, an infinite regress, for one thing needs to be transferring the road, pushing it ahead from a first-spark explanation for movement. 
That transferring agent is labor and nature. Imagine a thicket of strawberries and cows on a pasture and rows of sugarcane; nature. Imagine the employees, labor, that choose these strawberries and shuck that cane and the farmers who milk the cows unto one other set of culinary employees who mix all this stuff, plus some extra, into the ultimate product: strawberry ice cream. Like the atheists who declare that the universe introduced itself into existence though that might imply that the universe existed earlier than it existed and that’s unimaginable, fashionable economists, each on the left and proper, faux as if strawberry ice cream can exist as if having fallen from the sky completed, with out nature and labor. To communists and capitalists alike nature and labor are little greater than taken-for-granted commodities to be exploited. Little surprise there’s a lot degradation of the setting, for a way can one care in regards to the land if absolutely disconnected from it? Little surprise so many wealthy individuals make their dwelling off of usurious curiosity, actually profiting off of zero labor, by them at the least.For to them, labor just isn’t sincere however uncouth, as they reside up in some skyscraper amassing advantages which one doesn’t deserve than sully themselves with the peons engaged on the land someplace far-off.
But labor and nature are the financial system. Only individuals—individuals, bear in mind, from households, not consumerist or comrade robotic wage serfs, individuals—keen to place their labor to the duty of taking issues present in nature and remodeling them by ingenuity and onerous work into merchandise for the market make any of this potential. Without households that produce those that produce merchandise, there could be nothing. And one of the best factor about labor being the supply of all worth is that labor occurs to be enjoyable; actually. It’s higher this manner, extra rewarding, very very like, how good it could be if we didn’t must eat however might take capsules to satisfy all our dietary necessities? That wouldn’t be good. That could be terrible. Eating might be enjoyable. Fasting might be rewarding. But taking capsules rather than meals, a plate of capsules subsequent to millimeter measured out beakers of vitamin water as a substitute of actual meals beside your favourite drink, is rarely enjoyable, not good.
So too, making a revenue with out having put within the work, the labor – and but what number of capitalists make speculative fortunes in shady, short-sold commerce offers, maybe essentially the most disconnected from labor and nature “work” we are able to think about, dwelling excessive after having steamrolled a slew of mother and pops for no causes exterior of “why not, I wish to, that’s life, and I can.” And what number of communist apparatchiks reside pompous lives in paid-for properties with paid-for perks and pleasures – all of them paid for, in full, by somebody apart from them…most likely you.
Labor is the supply of all worth. Labor is rewarding and enjoyable. “As regards bodily labor, even had man by no means fallen from the state of innocence, he wouldn’t have remained wholly idle,” Pope Leo XII notes, “however that which might then have been his free selection and his delight turned afterwards obligatory, and the painful expiation for his disobedience.” That which might then have been his delight. Work was designed by God to be fulfilling, to make individuals really feel good, like they matter, like they’ll and do contribute. One of the hidden secrets and techniques to life is that individuals like to work. Why have we heard in any other case so usually? Thank you, communism and capitalism. If you spend your entire life in some manufacturing unit making ineffective merchandise for an unjust wage and each your co-workers and your supervisor seem like the strolling lifeless, staggering about, possibly even pretending to work, counting the ticking seconds till they’ll go away, then you definately too would come to the conclusion that work is dangerous. Notice I didn’t specify the above as belonging to the capitalist or communist sphere. This as a result of it belongs to each.
Be we – PALCOP, believers in a family-oriented ethical financial system that honors individuals’s work and the land they reside and labor upon – we all know work is supposed to be significant, purposeful, helpful and fascinating. One, definitely not all, however one of many causes to leap off the bed and tackle the day, is having the ability mimic our Creator’s final inventive energy within the small creations springing forth from our unworthy palms. Work is nice, individuals wish to work. Listen to what Medaille says on the subject. “The fact is that individuals like to work. A person will come residence from a tough day’s labor and instantly exit to his workshop or into his backyard…individuals love to perform issues; they like to contribute; they like to show their expertise and their mastery over some productive approach…it’s only because the invention of tv that individuals may very well be diverted lengthy sufficient from the boredom of idleness to interact in it for very lengthy.” 
The third and last installment of this text can be revealed subsequent week.
 John C. Medaille, Towards a Truly Free Market: A Distributist Perspective on the Role of Government, Taxes, Health Care, Deficits, and More (Culture of Enterprise, Wilmington Delaware: Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 2011),39; Leo XII, Rerum Novarum, Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII on Capital and Labor (1891), 7. http://www.vatican.va/content/leo-xiii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_l-xiii_enc_15051891_rerum-novarum.html
;John Paul II, Centesimus Annus, Encyclical Letter to His Venerable Brother Bishops within the Episcopate, the Priests and the Deacons, Families of Men and Women Religious, All the Christian Faithful, and to All Men and Women of Good Will on the Hundredth Anniversary of Rerum Novarum (May 1, 1991, Memorial of Saint Joseph the Worker), 15. http://www.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_01051991_centesimus-annus.html
 John Paul II, Centesimus Annus,19; Medaille, Towards a Truly Free Market, 43, 100.
 Medaille, Towards a Truly Free Market 65-66.
 Leo XII, Rerum Novarum, 17.
 Medaille, Towards a Truly Free Market, 97.
Image: Vincent Van Gogh, Two Women within the Moor