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Homily for Pentecost Sunday: Christ and the Holy Spirit (Metr. Hierotheos of Nafpaktos)


Beloved brethren, that is the phrase of Christ that He spoke in the course of the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles. On this feast the Jews glorified God for his or her miraculous salvation. Every morning within the Temple there was a procession in remembrance of the miraculous gushing of water from the stone by the employees of Moses. Also, each afternoon, two lamps had been lit within the portico in reminiscence of the cloud of sunshine that illuminated their fathers in the course of the evening journey. On the final day of this feast, Christ, standing in Jerusalem and referring to those two miraculous occasions that these two worshipful acts reminded us of, cried out: “If anybody thirsts, let him come to Me and drink … I’m the sunshine of the world. He who follows Me shall not stroll in darkness, however have the sunshine of life” (John 7:37; 8:12). Then we shall be preoccupied with the primary proclamation of Christ: “If anybody thirsts, let him come to Me and drink” (John 7:37).Christ with this discourse revealed the nice fact that the miracle of the gushing of water from the rock within the desert to quench the thirst of the individuals, didn’t come from the character of the rock, nor from the ability of Moses, nevertheless it was an motion of the religious Rock, who continuously adopted the Israelite individuals. And this religious Rock was and is Christ. Thus the Apostle Paul writes to the Corinthians: “For they drank of that religious Rock that adopted them, and that Rock was Christ” (1 Cor. 10:4).

The Holy Fathers, illumined by the Holy Spirit, mentioned that every one the epiphanies of God within the Old Testament had been theophanies of God and the Word of God. The distinction between the Old Testament and the New Testament is that within the Old Testament we now have revelations of the pre-incarnate Word, within the New Testament we now have revelations of the incarnate Word. If we now have a religious sensitivity and purity of coronary heart, we are able to see the revelation of God in nature and in historical past.

Christ at all times quenches the thirst of the person who’s burning for true life and for true Joy. he Himself is true Life, Joy, Light, a Blessing for all. Man, united with Christ, acquires grace “of His fullness” (John 1:16). Christ utterly satisfies the religious thirst of man. He didn’t come into the world to carry some concepts and summary theories, however to liven up individuals: “I’ve come that you might have life and have it extra abundantly” (John 10:10). He reconciles man with God, Christifying and Templifying human nature.

We see this within the lives of the saints. Those within the valley of loss of life, thirst for the “dwelling God”. In accordance with the measure of thirst and eagerness they acquired of their existence the water of life, which will increase their thirst: “Those who eat me will starvation for extra, and people who drink me will thirst for extra” (Sirach 24:21). He is the unhappy satisfaction of divine mercy. Thus, the saints confirmed us that man isn’t what he has, however he has what he’s, that’s, his worth doesn’t rely upon materials items and every thing he has, however his happiness is related together with his renewal and transformation of his nature. And this transformation takes place in Christ.

There is unity between Christ and the Holy Spirit. As water cools and purifies, so the Holy Spirit cools man and cleanses all of the inside wounds of sin.

It isn’t that one factor is the work of Christ and one other the work of the Paraklete. The Holy Spirit isn’t an summary divine vitality, however one of many three Persons of the Holy Trinity, continuing from the Father and resting within the Son. This relaxation, in accordance with the Fathers, is a continuing motion and motion, it’s the energetic manifestation of the Paraklete. Thus, Christ sends the Holy Spirit and the Holy Spirit varieties Christ “within the hearts of males.” Christ and the Holy Spirit are the 2 Parakletes of God on the earth, engaged on the deification of man and the transformation of the entire world.

He who’s related with the true Rock, Christ, turns into a supply of theology. “He who believes in Me, because the Scripture has mentioned, out of his coronary heart will circulate rivers of dwelling water” (John 7:38). This reveals the peak of Christian anthropology, that’s, to what level it elevates man.

When the Holy Spirit enters the guts of man, then man is altered internally and this alteration can also be seen externally, by actions, silence, speech, and so forth. A person appearing by the Holy Spirit receives the best of items, the present of theology.

Therefore, the Theologian isn’t the one who holds a level from the Theological School, however the saint who in his coronary heart accepts the energies of the Holy Spirit. The religious life is intently related with theology, as a result of the religious life relies on theology, and theology derives all its energy and life from the religious life. The place to begin of all evil begins with the disconnection of those two states, that’s, when theology is disconnected from the religious life.

Living in a world that provides packages for the advance of human life and comes all the way down to the promoting of solely atypical issues, we should admire the nice provide of the Church, which is seen in its feasts. The Church, by the vitality of the Holy Trinity, transforms human existence. The remodeled existence actually and basically modifications the world.

Source: Translated by John Sanidopoulos.

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