Israel’s 490 Year Cycles
Have you ever questioned why Christ commanded us to forgive our brothers “490 occasions” (Matt 18:21-22) or why “490 years” was the nice prophetic timeline revealed to Daniel? The reply, I imagine, is that God determines and measures the redemptive historical past of Israel in cycles of 490 (70 x 7) years. God appears to have divided Israel’s historical past into 4 490-year cycles:
1. From Abraham to the Exodus (490 Years). From Abraham’s delivery till the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai and the start of a brand new period (Galatians 3:17) are 505 years (Note: This time-frame is obtained by merely including the numbers of years given in Scripture). However, the 15 years when Abraham had lapsed from religion in God’s promise and went in to Hagar (Genesis 16:3) till the promised seed was lastly born (Genesis 21:5) have to be deducted from this, leaving 490 years throughout which Abraham and his descendants had been abiding below the covenant promise.
2. From Exodus to the Dedication of the Temple (490 Years).
From the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai till the dedication of Solomon’s temple are 601 years. However, the 111 years below the Judges throughout which God withdrew His safety from Israel have to be deducted from this, as soon as once more leaving 490 years.
3. From the Temple to Nehemiah’s return (490 Years).
From the dedication of the temple in c. 1000 BC to Artaxerxes’ commandment to construct Jerusalem in 444 BC (Nehemiah 2:18) are 560 years. However, the 70-year captivity in Babylon have to be deducted from this, leaving c. 490 years.
4. From Nehemiah’s return to Israel’s closing institution within the millennial kingdom (490 Years).
The fourth cycle is definitely said in Scripture within the nice “seventy week” prophecy of Daniel 9:24-27. The opening phrases of the prophecy make this clear: “Seventy weeks have been declared for your folks and your holy metropolis…” (Daniel 9:24). The phrase “seventy weeks” actually means in Hebrew “70 sevens” (70 x 7), and the context calls for that the sevens be reckoned in years—seventy sevens of years, which might be a complete of 490 years.
Furthermore, Daniel’s prophecy states that the 490 years are divided into three durations. After the primary two durations (69 weeks or 483 years), the cycle terminates within the crucifixion of the Messiah (Daniel 9:25-26) as God breaks His covenant relation with His folks. The cycle begins once more when the final seven-year interval begins—the so-called “seventieth week of Daniel” (Daniel 9:27; Revelation 6-19). Thus, Daniel’s prophecy is a significant affirmation that God determines and measures the redemptive historical past of Israel in cycles of 490 (70 x 7) years! In truth, it was this prophecy that initially led Sir Edward Denny to the invention of the 490 yr cycles.
But probably the most superb a part of the prophecy is that it pinpoints the EXACT date of Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem—over 600 years earlier than it occurred! In Daniel 9:25 we learn:
“Know subsequently and perceive, that from the going forth of the command to revive and construct Jerusalem till Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks…” (Daniel 9:25)
According to the prophecy, from the command to rebuild Jerusalem there could be seven weeks (49 years) and sixty-two extra weeks (434 years)—a complete of 483 years, or 173,880 days (utilizing 360-day prophetic years)—till the Messiah would present up, i.e. Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem (which is when Jesus publicly declared that he was the Messiah).We know from historical past that the command to “restore and rebuild Jerusalem” was given by King Artaxerxes of Persia to Nehemiah on March 5, 444 BC (Nehemiah 2:1–8). Adding 173,880 days to March 5, 444 BC provides March 30, AD 33—the precise date of Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem!
May I remind you that Jesus made his “triumphal entry” into Jerusalem 4 days earlier than His crucifixion (Matthew 21:1-9) and 4 days after March 30, AD 33 is Friday April 3, AD 33—which simply so occurs to be the probably date for the crucifixion (see: Evidence for Jesus’ Crucifixion on April 3, 33 AD). What a exceptional achievement of prophecy!
Israel’s 70/7 Year Pattern
Throughout the Old Testament, Israel’s inextricable hyperlink to the quantity 70 is unmistakable:
p type=”show: inline;”>within the Bible, the chances in opposition to this occurring by probability are astronomical, suggesting divine orchestration.
If the recurring sample of 70’s in Israel’s important historic occasions isn’t uncanny sufficient, think about the next prophetically important occasions that formed the fashionable nation of Israel: