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Bilateral: Uzbekistan-India relations historical past


India-Uzbekistan relations are central to India’s imaginative and prescient of an built-in prolonged neighborhood. Outlined seven rising areas of cooperation between the 2 international locations, namely- Digital Payments, Space Cooperation, Agriculture & Dairy, Pharma, Gems & Jewellery, MSME and Inter-Sectoral Cooperation.

  • India and Uzbekistan have an extended historical past of cooperation. After the independence of Uzbekistan, India was one of many first international locations to acknowledge its state sovereignty.
  • India and Uzbekistan have strengthened cooperation in varied fields comparable to politics, commerce, funding, protection, safety, counter-terrorism, science and expertise, atomic power, house, and data expertise, in addition to cultural and academic ties between the 2 international locations. Got a lift.

Defense Cooperation

  • Both sides welcomed the conduct of the joint navy train “Dustlik 2019”.
  • India has additionally helped arrange an India Room on the Uzbekistan Armed Forces Academy in Tashkent.

Security Cooperation

  • India and Uzbekistan share a typical strategy to a variety of safety points together with terrorism, transnational organized crime, unlawful trafficking and so on.
  • A key focus of the engagement on this space is offering assist to Uzbek safety businesses via coaching and capability constructing.

Business

  • It has elevated from US$ 247 million within the 12 months 2019-20 to US$ 34.2 million within the 12 months 2021-22, which is a rise of 38.5%.
  • Indian investments by Indian firms embrace investments in prescribed drugs, amusement parks, vehicle parts and the hospitality business.
  • Amity University and Sharda University have opened campuses in Tashkent and Andijan respectively.
  • Indian organizations comparable to create are actively collaborating with Uzbek counterparts to advertise the startup ecosystem in Uzbekistan and supply coaching to entrepreneurs in organising incubators.

Sightseeing

  • The Uzbek authorities has prolonged the e-Visa facility to Indian vacationers.
  • Uzbekistan has additionally emerged as an essential supply of medical tourism, with roughly 8,000 Uzbeks visiting India yearly for medical remedy.

Solar Energy

  • Uzbekistan has expressed curiosity in becoming a member of the International Solar Alliance.
  • There has been fascinating in Indian participation within the improvement of the photo voltaic power sector via aggressive bidding.

Bilateral Mechanism

  • National Coordination Committees: India and Uzbekistan have fashioned National Coordination Committees to supervise the implementation of mutually agreed tasks and initiatives.

Multilateral Initiatives

  • India-Central Asia Business Council: All 5 Central Asia to advance commerce and funding partnerships with a particular concentrate on power, prescribed drugs, automotive, agro-processing, training and concrete infrastructure, transport, civil aviation, IT and tourism Business councils of Asian international locations have been introduced collectively.
  • India-Central Asia Dialogue: It permits additional strengthening of relations between India and the international locations of Central Asia in politics, economics, digitization and cultural and humanitarian fields.

Challenges concerning India-Uzbekistan relations

  • The quantity of commerce and commerce between the 2 international locations may be very small.
  • Lack of connectivity, as Uzbekistan is a landlocked nation and air connectivity infrastructure is relatively underdeveloped.
  • China has included all Central Asian international locations, together with Uzbekistan, within the Belt and Road Initiative.

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